A major theme running through the entire work is forgiveness versus vengeance; Prospero causes the tempest out of a wish for revenge, but by the end of the work, he decides to forgive the crimes against him, fabricated or otherwise. The tone of Miranda's utterance is complicated by a great many factors, and its meaning is a great deal less straightforward than it suggests when taken out of context and character. Although Ferdinand and Miranda are a confirmed couple by the end of the play, their discussion over the game foreshadows some political movement looming in their own future. Sycorax, the witch whom Prospero takes every opportunity to disparage but whom he resembles in his use of force, manipulative use of his magic, and past history, is actually based upon Ovid's portrayal of Medea; and, the relation between Prospero and Sycorax/Medea becomes more apparent in Prospero's speech, based upon the words of Medea. "How fine my master is," Caliban exclaims; he fully proves himself a born servant, by apologizing to Prospero for taking the foolish, drunken Stephano for his master, and submitting himself to Prospero more willfully than ever (261). After four acts in which Prospero uses magic to split up, disorient, and psychologically torture his enemies, in the final act he lures everyone to the same spot on the island and forgives Alonso and Antonio for their betrayal twelve years prior. What happens when Trinculo and Stephano touch the clothing? As for the closure of this play, do not be misled by Gonzalo's typically optimistic appraisal of the situation. Prospero, with his somewhat sinister studies in magic and strange powers, is a figure reminiscent of an alchemist as well, though his experiments are more involved with human nature than metallurgy. The The Tempest quotes below are all either spoken by Sebastian or refer to Sebastian. In another part of the island, the timid court fool, Trinculo, has come ashore and discovered Caliban. He finally declares this intent, with his words alluding to the proverb "to be able to do harm and not do it is noble." First of all, the very fact that they are playing chess may bode ill. The same sentiment is also offered up in Shakespeare's Sonnet 94: "they that have power to hurt and will do noneŠRightly do inherit heaven's graces," that poem runs. Though they are still charmed as Prospero speaks like this, gradually understanding will reach them, like the sea on an "approaching tide" (V.i.80). Their attempt is foiled by Ariel. No other Shakespeare play has quite this kind of un-ended ending to it; but, the sentiment is completely fitting, coming as it does after a play in which unfinished business is such a recurrent, pervasive theme. Revise and learn about the plot of Shakespeare’s play, The Tempest with BBC Bitesize KS3 English Literature. The statement is perhaps too tidy a foreshadowing of the revelation that Ferdinand and Miranda are in fact alive, and will be united as king and queen; but, as in Act 1, an urgently expressed wish of one of the characters is fulfilled by the economical workings of the plot. It's unclear whether Prospero's comment about Caliban suggests that he sees him as his property, or that he takes some responsibility for what has happened to Caliban. Miranda makes an accusation, at least partly in jest, that Ferdinand will "play [her] false"; the baseless charge recalls Prospero's false cry of treason against Ferdinand, in the first act (172). Nevertheless, it remains disconcerting that the sense of a new beginning that arises at the end of the play should be tinged with dishonesty. Ferdinand’s engagement to Miranda establishes a bond of kinship between Alonso and Prospero, further bridging that rift that separates them. At the play's end, everyone is ready to head back to Naples, where Miranda and Ferdinand will get hitched before old Prospero retires to Milan. Prospero is finally aligned with Medea, a representation of dark magic, like Sycorax, in this act, further complicating his characterization. Stephano, Trinculo, and Caliban's plot is exposed to the whole group, and is immediately forgiven. Prospero declares his brothers "penitent," though they are not; Alonso expresses his regret, but Antonio, who has the most to be sorry for, expresses no remorse. Even more foreboding is Miranda’s accusation that Ferdinand has cheated: “Sweet lord, you play me false” (V.i.). The Tempest study guide contains a biography of William Shakespeare, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. (149-50). All the people from the ship become ever more confused as they wander around. As he has from the beginning, Ariel carries out Prospero's wishes efficiently and effectively. Miranda articulates this possibility for a new future when she expresses a sense of wonder at the “brave new world” (Vi.i) that has opened up for her. When Prospero at last confronts Alonso and his brothers, he uses another ocean metaphor to describe the gradual process of Prospero's spell falling from them, and their minds returning to reason. Shakespeare's comedies might be considered to have "happy endings"; but, the conclusions of these plays, even more so than with tragedies like Hamlet, are rarely simple in their implications, or harmonized in their meaning and tone. Prospero himself has a mixed view of his own magic; he recognizes how his fascination with magic lost him his dukedom, and almost caused his loss of control, and therefore cannot maintain his magical practices and his role as a man of action in the real world.

what happens to sebastian at the end of the tempest

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