Even as evidence mounts in support of the division's honorable conduct, some still seek to suppress these facts. It participated in the crossing of the Arno River, the occupation of Lucca and the penetration of the Gothic Line. , The 92nd Division saw combat in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive during November 1918. While Miracle at St. Anna is a fictional account of the 92nd, it’s based on actual interviews with members of the unit. Almond was chosen by General Marshall to command the division because he believed Almond would excel at what was seen as a difficult assignment. The 92nd Infantry Division was featured in Miracle at St. Anna – a 2008 movie Directed by Spike Lee and based on the novel by James McBride. On 13 October, the remainder of the division concentrated for patrol activities. Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 92nd Infantry Division Artillery, 92nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized), Headquarters, Special Troops, 92nd Infantry Division, Headquarters Company, 92nd Infantry Division, 792nd Ordnance (Light Maintenance) Company, 92nd Counterintelligence Corps Detachment, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 06:39. However, Almond performed poorly and went on to blame his poor performance on the fact that the division was made up of largely African American troops. The 370th took over the Serchio sector and pursued the retreating enemy from 18 April until the collapse of all enemy forces on 29 April 1945. 317th Train Headquarters and Military Police, 365th, 366th, 367th, and 368th Ambulance Companies and Field Hospitals. During the 92nd Division's participation in the Italian Front, the Buffalo Soldiers made contact with units of many nationalities: beyond the attached 442nd Regimental Combat Team (442nd RCT), they also had contact with the segregated troops of the British and French colonial empires (Black Africans, Moroccans, Algerians, Indians, Gurkhas, Arab and Jewish Palestinians) as well as with exiled Poles, Greeks and Czechs, anti-fascist Italians and the nonsegregated troops of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force (FEB). The "Buffalo Soldiers Division" divisional nickname was inherited from the 366th Infantry, one of the first units of the division organized. Of course, you can build your whole American army for Bolt Action from these kits, and lead the all-black regiments into battle on their own, representing the division as it fought in the first months of its tour in Italy. , The division's commander, |Major General Edward Almond, was for a time highly regarded by General George Marshall, the U.S. Army Chief of Staff, who was a fellow Virginia Military Institute (VMI) graduate. Returned to United States and inactivated: February 1919.  Its art director, Ted Shearer, would go on to create the early African-American comic strip Quincy. , The division was organized on 27 October 1917 at Camp Funston, Kansas, the men first being trained at the regimental level. , As was the case with the 93rd Division, parts of the 92nd served under and alongside the French Army after both the main American Expeditionary Force (AEF) and the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) refused to have African-American soldiers serve in combat under them. After continuing poor combat performance including many instances of unauthorized withdrawals upon meeting the enemy, low morale and malingering, the 92nd Infantry Division was considered of inferior quality both by German and U.S. commands and fit for only defensive roles. The "Buffalo Sol… Ricks, Thomaz E. "The Generals: American Military Command from World War II to Today" Penguin Press, 2012, Army Battle Casualties and Nonbattle Deaths, Final Report (Statistical and Accounting Branch, Office of the Adjutant General, 1 June 1953), Distinguished Service Cross (United States), Military Cross for Military Valor (Italian), Military Cross for Merit in War (Italian), http://www.history.army.mil/html/books/023/23-2/CMH_Pub_23-2.pdf, "African American 92nd Infantry Division Fought in Italy During World War II", United States Army Center of Military History, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=92nd_Infantry_Division_(United_States)&oldid=987465593, African-American history of the United States military, Infantry divisions of the United States Army, Military units and formations established in 1917, Military units and formations disestablished in 1945, United States Army divisions of World War I, United States Army divisions during World War II, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.